What is a flying shuttle? It is a very important invention in both textile industry and Industrial revolution all over the World. The inventor of this vital thing was an English engineer John Kay.
This device allowed a single weaver to weave wider fabrics and greatly accelerated the process. Beneath is difference between the new and old shuttles described by Encyclopedia Britannica:
In previous looms, the shuttle was thrown, or passed, through the threads by hand, and wide fabrics required two weavers seated side by side passing the shuttle between them. Kay mounted his shuttle on wheels in a track and used paddles to shoot the shuttle from side to side when the weaver jerked a cord.